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Indian Criminal Law Acts icludes three major acts i.e. Indian Penal Code, 1860, Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, and Indian Evidence Act, 1872.

Indian Penal Code is a Substantive Law that defines rights and duties and to enforce penalty

Code of Criminal Procedure defines the rules with which enforces the substantive laws.

Indian Penal Code is a Substantive Law that defines rights and duties and to enforce penalty Code of Criminal Procedure defines the rules which enforces substantive laws.

Criminal Law Acts

Indian Penal Code

The Indian Penal Code introduced in 1860 is enforceable in every part of Indian Territory as includes in criminal laws. One of the distinctive characteristics of the Indian Penal Code is that it follows the country’s general code of criminal law. 

It applies in the entire Indian Territory. Therefore, the provisions of the Indian Penal Code extend to all persons including foreigners on the Indian soil. Nevertheless, only presidents, governors and foreign sovereigns and ambassadors were exempt from criminal liability for all acts under the color of their office.

Code of Criminal Procedure

The Code of Criminal Procedure is not distinguished from any of the country’s penal legislation. If Significant Penal Law is a major means of protecting society, a key method for achieving and implementing Significant Law is Procedural Criminal Law. When the Code of Criminal Procedure came into effect in 1973, the 1898 Code of Criminal Procedure was in effect.

Evidence law

Evidence law focuses on the procedures and laws governing the use of evidence in court trials. These regulations specify the types of evidence presents to a judge or jury during a trial for consideration. Evidence law addresses the types of objections requires for the admission of certain evidences, such as hearsay. The evidence that was obtained illegally and for admission of the relevant evidence at trial.

Evidence law concerns with the rules that governs how evidence is acceptes and applies in a court of law

In addition, evidence law addresses potential objections to the use of such facts, including those based on hearsay, illegally obtained evidence, or a right that prohibits the proof in question from being admissible at court.

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